British longhair

Welcome to our page dedicated to the breed of cat british longhair!

Here, you will find all the useful information about british longhair. This descriptive profile will allow you to discover the aspects of this breed. You can notably consult information about the average price, monthly and annual upkeep expenses, their health, name ideas, as well as their official recognition by competent authorities.

Explore this page to discover everything you need to know.

Overall description of the breed

The British Shorthair originated in the United Kingdom in the 19th century. At that time, breeders began selecting domestic shorthair cats to create a specific breed. However, over time, longhaired cats appeared in some litters, probably as a result of cross-breeding with other longhaired breeds.

These long-haired cats aroused the interest of breeders, and some decided to develop them into a new distinct breed, the British Longhair. The first efforts to establish the breed standard were made in the 1960s.

The British Longhair shares its ancestry with the British Shorthair. Its origins can be traced back to domestic shorthair cats of British origin, which are thought to have been introduced to the UK by the Romans over two millennia ago. Over the centuries, these cats acclimatised to the British climate and conditions, contributing to their hardiness and distinctive appearance.

The British Longhair is a medium to large, well-muscled cat with a compact, rounded outline. Its main distinguishing feature is its long, dense coat, which is soft to the touch and well furnished, with a thick undercoat to protect it from the cold.

Its head is round and broad, with full cheeks, a short nose and medium-sized, rounded ears set wide apart. Their large, round eyes often match the colour of their coat and express a gentle, peaceful expression.

The British Longhair is renowned for its balanced, friendly character. It is a gentle, calm, affectionate cat that gets on well with children, other pets and family members. They are also known to be independent, making them an ideal companion for people with busy lifestyles.

In general, they are an easy-going feline, demanding little attention but enjoying cuddles and playtime with their owners. Its peaceful nature makes it suitable for indoor life, but it can also enjoy occasional outings outdoors, under supervision.

The average weight of the British Longhair is between 4.5 kg and 7 kg (10 lb to 15 lb), with males generally being larger and heavier than females. In terms of height, the average British Longhair measures between 25 and 30 cm (10 to 12 inches) at the withers.

The British Longhair is officially recognised by several international cat organisations, including the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe), the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) and the World Cat Federation (WCF). FIFe was one of the first organisations to officially recognise the breed.

The breed standard was established over time, and today this phlegmatic British cat is widely appreciated and recognised as a distinctive, elegant breed with a character ideally suited to companionship.

In conclusion, the British Longhair is a charming breed of cat, characterised by its long, dense coat, compact, rounded morphology and friendly, well-balanced character. With a history dating back to the early years of domestic cat development, this breed has grown in popularity and is now recognised worldwide.


The British Longhair is a breed of cat resulting from the crossbreeding between the British Shorthair and longhaired cats, mostly Persians. This breed originated in the United Kingdom and was developed to combine the characteristics of the British Shorthair with a longer and more luxurious coat. Breeders sought to maintain the sturdy traits and calm temperament of the British Shorthair while adding a new dimension to their fur. The history of this breed dates back to the early 20th century, when the British began experimenting with crossbreeding to diversify and enhance the characteristics of their cats. The British Longhair is known for its majestic appearance and imposing presence, inheriting from the British Shorthair a strong bone structure and distinctive facial features. It is a breed that has gained popularity for its elegant appearance and pleasant temperament.


The history of the British Longhair truly begins at the beginning of the 20th century, when British breeders crossed British Shorthairs with Persians and other long-haired cats to improve the genetic diversity and coat of their cats. This crossbreeding aimed to preserve the robust physique and placid temperament of the British Shorthair while adding longer and silkier fur. However, for many decades, British Longhairs were not recognized as a distinct breed and were often considered long-haired variants of British Shorthairs. It was only at the end of the 20th century that the British Longhair began to be recognized by various international feline associations, such as the International Feline Federation (FIFé) and The International Cat Association (TICA). Today, this breed is appreciated for its elegant appearance and gentle and affectionate temperament.


The standard of the British Longhair breed describes a medium to large-sized cat, with a robust frame and well-developed musculature. The head is round with full cheeks, a short muzzle, and a broad nose. The eyes are large, round, and expressive, with a color that matches the coat. The ears are small to medium-sized, rounded at the tips and well spaced. The body is compact and massive, with short, strong legs ending in round, firm feet. The tail is thick at the base and tapers slightly towards a rounded end. The coat is dense, of medium to long length, with a soft and silky texture. All colors and coat patterns are accepted, except those derived from crossing with specific color breeds such as the Siamese.

Physical characteristics

The British Longhair is a medium to large-sized cat, typically weighing between 4 and 8 kilograms. Males are often larger than females. Its head is round with full cheeks, and its large round eyes can come in different colors, depending on the coat. The coat is long, thick, and silky, requiring regular brushing to prevent matting. Coat colors can vary significantly, including solids, bi-colors, tri-colors, tabby, and other patterns. The dense and lush fur, combined with a strong bone structure, gives this cat an imposing and majestic appearance. Ears are small to medium in size, rounded at the tips, and well spaced on the head.


The British Longhair is known for its calm, gentle, and affectionate nature. It enjoys the company of its owners without being excessively dependent. It likes to rest in comfortable places and observe its surroundings quietly. Although it is playful, it is not hyperactive and often prefers quieter activities such as playing with toys or lounging in the sun. Its balanced temperament makes it well suited for apartment living as well as for houses. It generally gets along well with children and other animals, making it an excellent companion for families. The British Longhair is also known to be quite tolerant and adaptable, making it easy to integrate into various households.

Life expectancy

The life expectancy of the British Longhair is usually between 12 and 15 years, although with proper care and good nutrition, some individuals can live longer. This longevity depends on several factors, including genetics, diet, veterinary care, and the environment in which the cat lives. It is essential to provide regular veterinary check-ups to prevent and treat any health conditions. A balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle also contribute to extending the life of these cats. By taking good care of their health and providing them with a comfortable and stimulating life, owners can help their British Longhairs live a long and happy life.

Exercise and activity needs

The British Longhair is a relatively calm cat, but it needs a certain amount of exercise to stay healthy. It enjoys moderate play sessions, such as hunting toys, climbing on cat trees, or playing hide and seek with its owners. Although it is not as active as some other breeds, it is important to provide it with regular physical and mental stimulation to prevent boredom and weight problems. Interactive toys, food puzzles, and daily playtime are usually enough to meet its activity needs. An enriched environment with perches, scratching posts, and hiding spots can also help keep this cat happy and active.

Recommended diet

The British Longhair requires a balanced and high-quality diet to maintain its health and beautiful coat. It is recommended to provide him with kibble or wet food rich in animal proteins, with supplements of omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids for the health of his skin and coat. Portions should be tailored to his age, weight, and activity level to prevent obesity. In terms of cost, a quality diet for a British Longhair can range between 30 and 60 euros per month. Treats should be given in moderation to avoid excess calories. It is also important to ensure adequate hydration, especially if the diet is mainly dry.

Training and obedience

The British Longhair is an intelligent and receptive cat, which makes it relatively easy to train. Training should start from a young age to establish good habits and reinforce positive behaviors. Using positive reinforcement methods, such as rewards and praises, is essential to encourage learning. Learning how to use the litter box, scratch on scratchers, and respect house rules are fundamental aspects of its education. It is also possible to teach it simple tricks and understand basic commands. Patience and consistency are crucial for effective training and to establish a trusting relationship with this feline.

Behavior with children

The British Longhair is generally very sociable and tolerant, making it an excellent companion for families with children. Its calm and gentle temperament allows it to get along well with children, even the youngest ones. It enjoys human company and shows patience and affection. However, it is important to teach children to respect the cat and not to bother it when it wants to be alone. Supervised interactions and appropriate games can strengthen the bond between the cat and the children. By respecting its needs and avoiding rough handling, the British Longhair can become a valued member of the family, offering both love and companionship.

Compatibility with Other Animals

The British Longhair generally adapts well to living with other pets, especially dogs and cats. Its balanced and sociable temperament allows it to accept the presence of other animals as long as introductions are made gradually and in a controlled manner. It is essential to respect the necessary adaptation time for each animal and to monitor initial interactions to avoid conflicts. Over time, the British Longhair can develop friendly relationships with its four-legged companions, often sharing moments of play and rest. Its tolerant and peaceful attitude makes it an excellent choice for multi-pet households.

Grooming needs

The British Longhair requires regular grooming to maintain the beauty and health of its long and dense coat. Daily brushing is recommended to prevent knots and hairballs, as well as reduce shedding in the house. Using brushes and combs designed for long-haired cats is advisable. In addition to brushing, it is important to regularly check the ears, eyes, and teeth for any signs of infection. Occasional baths may be necessary, especially if the cat tends to get dirty. By taking care of its coat and general hygiene, the British Longhair will stay healthy and maintain an elegant appearance.


The British Longhair is generally healthy, but like all breeds, it can be prone to certain hereditary conditions. Common health problems include hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, a heart disease, and polycystic kidney disease, especially if there are Persian ancestors in its lineage. It is essential to choose responsible breeders who test their cats for these conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups, vaccinations, and parasite treatments are essential to maintain your cat's health. A balanced diet and active lifestyle also help prevent obesity and related diseases. By carefully monitoring your British Longhair's health, you can ensure a long and healthy life.

Average price

The price of a British Longhair can vary depending on several factors, including lineage, breeder reputation, coat quality, and eye color. Generally, the cost of a kitten of this breed ranges between 800 and 1500 euros. Kittens from champion lines or with particularly sought-after characteristics may be more expensive. It is important to choose a reputable breeder who conducts health tests and provides initial veterinary care. In addition to the initial purchase price, ongoing costs of care, feeding, and grooming should also be considered to maintain the health and well-being of your cat.


The average monthly expenses for a British Longhair can vary depending on several factors such as food, veterinary care, grooming, and accessories. On average, you should budget between 50 and 100 euros per month. High-quality food represents a significant part of these expenses, costing between 30 and 60 euros per month. Regular veterinary visits, vaccinations, and parasite treatments should also be taken into account. Grooming costs can vary depending on the frequency of professional care, but an additional budget for home grooming products is necessary. Finally, the purchase of toys, litter, and other accessories can also contribute to monthly expenses.

Name ideas

Finding the perfect name for a British Longhair can be a fun and creative process. Here are some suggestions: Bella, Max, Luna, Oscar, Daisy, Simba, Molly, Charlie, Nala, Oliver, Sophie, Leo, Chloe, Milo, Lily, Jack, Ruby, Jasper, Lucy, Felix. Choosing a name that reflects your cat's personality or appearance can strengthen your bond with them. You can also draw inspiration from their unique characteristics or specific behaviors. Feel free to observe your cat for a few days to better understand their character before making your final decision.

Legislation and regulation

In France, the British Longhair is not subject to specific regulations in terms of animal legislation. Like all pets, it is essential to respect general laws concerning their well-being and treatment. This includes mandatory vaccinations, identification by microchip or tattoo, and transportation rules. There is no particular classification for the British Longhair, meaning it is not subject to additional restrictions compared to other domestic cat breeds. However, it is always recommended to check local and national regulations to ensure compliance and guarantee the well-being of your animal.

Official recognition

The British Longhair is recognized by several international and national feline associations. In France, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé) recognizes this breed. Internationally, The International Cat Association (TICA) and the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) also recognize the British Longhair. These organizations define the breed standards and organize cat shows where British Longhairs can be presented and judged. Official recognition by these associations guarantees that breeders adhere to the health, behavior, and physical criteria defined for the breed, thereby ensuring the maintenance of high standards and the well-being of the cats.


The pedigrees of British Longhairs are issued by various recognized breed clubs worldwide. In France, the LOOF (Official Book of Feline Origins) is the main organization that registers the pedigrees of this breed. Abroad, organizations such as The International Cat Association (TICA), the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFé), and the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) also issue pedigrees. These pedigrees attest to the purity of the breed and the conformity of the cats to defined standards. They are essential for breeders and buyers wishing to ensure the quality and origins of their cats.

Destination and usage

The British Longhair is mainly bred as a companion cat because of its gentle and affectionate temperament. It is appreciated for its beauty, luxurious coat and calm nature, making it an excellent choice for families, individuals and the elderly. In addition to being a loyal companion, it often participates in cat shows where it is judged on its physical characteristics and temperament. The British Longhair can also be used in animal therapy, providing comfort and companionship to those in need. Its adaptable and tolerant nature makes it ideal for various domestic environments.


There are no specific restrictions regarding the ownership of British Longhairs. However, as with all pets, it is crucial to abide by local and national laws regarding animal ownership and care. Mistreatment or neglect of animals is prohibited, and owners must provide appropriate care, adequate food, and healthy living conditions. Regulations may vary by country and region, so it is recommended to seek information from local authorities to ensure compliance with all legal obligations. By following these rules, owners contribute to the protection and well-being of their British Longhair.

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