Highland fold

Welcome to our page dedicated to the breed of cat highland fold!

Here, you will find all the useful information about highland fold. This descriptive profile will allow you to discover the aspects of this breed. You can notably consult information about the average price, monthly and annual upkeep expenses, their health, name ideas, as well as their official recognition by competent authorities.

Explore this page to discover everything you need to know.

Overall description of the breed

The Highland Fold, also known as the Highland Fold Longhair, is a charming and majestic breed of cat that originated in Scotland. Its history is closely linked to that of the Scottish Fold, with which it shares a unique physical characteristic: ears folded forward and downwards. This characteristic gives these cats an irresistible and captivating appearance.

The history of the Highland Fold dates back to the 1960s, when the first Scottish Fold cat with folded ears was discovered in Scotland. This cat, named Susie, gave birth to a litter of kittens, some of which also had folded ears. The development of the Highland Fold breed began when breeders decided to cross Scottish Folds with long-haired breeds, such as the Persian, to create a cat that was both folded and long-haired.

The ancestors of the Highland Fold are Scottish Folds and Persians. Breeders carefully selected these cats to combine the physical characteristics of the Scottish Fold with the lush, long coat of the Persian. This combination has given rise to a new breed with a unique and charming appearance.

The morphology of the Highland Fold is elegant and well balanced. The cat is medium to large in size, with a muscular body and strong bones. Its most notable feature is of course its ears, which are folded forward and down, giving it a distinctive look. The Highland Fold also has a long, dense, silky coat, which comes in a variety of colours and patterns.

In terms of colour, the Highland Fold can be found in a wide range of shades, from pure white to deep black, as well as more distinctive colours such as chocolate, lilac, cream, russet and tabby. Coat patterns include stripes, patches, mottling and many other captivating variations.

The character of the Highland Fold is said to be gentle, affectionate and friendly. These cats are known to be close to their owners, enjoying human company and cuddle time. They are also playful and curious, making them entertaining companions for families and individuals. Highland Folds are generally good with children and get on well with other pets.

The average weight of the Highland Fold generally varies between 3.5kg and 7kg (7.7lb to 15.4lb), with males often being larger than females. In terms of height, the average Highland Fold measures between 25 and 30 cm (10 to 12 inches) at the withers.

The Highland Fold's founding breed club is the Scottish Fold & Highland Fold Cat Club. The breed standard was established in the 1980s to specifically recognise the unique characteristics of the Highland Fold. Although the Highland Fold is recognised by several cat organisations, it may not be as globally recognised as some other breeds, but it has gained a dedicated fan base and continues to grow in popularity thanks to its adorable appearance and charming character.

In conclusion, the Highland Fold is a unique and endearing cat breed, the result of skilfully orchestrated crosses between the Scottish Fold and long-haired breeds such as the Persian. Its elegant appearance, captivating folded ears and gentle character make it a sought-after companion for many cat lovers. Although it may not be as widely recognised as some other breeds, the Highland Fold has certainly won a special place in the hearts of cat lovers around the world.


The Highland Fold is a breed of cat originating from Scotland. It is a variation of the Scottish Fold, known for its ears folded forward. This particularity is due to a genetic mutation. The Highland Fold came to be when breeders started crossing Scottish Folds with long-haired cats to diversify the genetic heritage and create a distinct breed with unique fur characteristics. The first documented appearance of cats with folded ears dates back to the 1960s, when a cat named Susie was discovered on a Scottish farm. Susie became the founder of this fascinating breed, and her descendants were carefully bred to develop the typical characteristics of the Highland Fold, including its distinctive ears and lush fur.


The history of the Highland Fold is closely linked to that of the Scottish Fold. After the discovery of Susie in 1961, her descendants were crossed with British Shorthairs and American Shorthairs to consolidate the mutation of folded ears. To obtain the Highland Fold, breeders introduced genes from long-haired cats into the genetic pool. This approach allowed for the creation of cats with thick and luxurious fur, while retaining the characteristic folded ears. The official recognition of the breed was slower than that of the Scottish Fold, but over time, the Highland Fold has gained popularity thanks to its unique appearance and affectionate temperament. Today, this breed is appreciated worldwide for its beauty and gentleness.


The standard of the Highland Fold breed is defined by several distinctive characteristics. The head is round with a short nose and a well-defined chin. The ears are folded forward and may vary in degree of folding, but they must be small and well-fitted to the head. The eyes are large and round, often matching the coat color. The body is medium to large in size, with well-developed musculature and short, sturdy legs. The tail is of medium length and ends in a rounded tip. The Highland Fold's coat is one of its most distinctive features, being dense, soft, and of medium to long length. Accepted coat colors are varied, including all possible shades and patterns.

Physical characteristics

The Highland Fold is a medium to large-sized cat, typically weighing between 3.5 and 6 kg. Males are often heavier than females. Their fur is dense and luxurious, of medium to long length, with a soft and silky texture. Coat colors vary widely, including tabby, solid, bicolor, tricolor, and many more. The folded ears are the most distinctive feature of the breed, adding to their adorable appearance. The eyes are large and round, often in harmony with the coat color. The body is compact and muscular, with short but sturdy legs and a medium-length tail ending in a rounded tip. This combination of physical traits gives the Highland Fold a unique and charming look.


The Highland Fold is known for its gentle and affectionate temperament. These cats are very sociable and enjoy the company of humans, getting along particularly well with children and other pets. They are generally calm and relaxed, preferring quiet environments where they can feel safe. However, they are not without curiosity and enjoy exploring their surroundings. They are intelligent and can be trained to perform simple tricks. Their affectionate nature and need for companionship mean that they do not like being left alone for long periods. In short, the Highland Fold is an ideal companion for those looking for a loving and sociable cat.

Life expectancy

The life expectancy of a Highland Fold is generally between 12 and 15 years, although some individuals may live longer with proper care. As with all cat breeds, a balanced diet, regular veterinary care, and a stimulating environment contribute to a long and healthy life. It is important to closely monitor their health, especially due to the breed's genetic predisposition to certain health problems, such as joint diseases. Owners should ensure their cats receive regular veterinary exams to detect and treat any medical conditions early. With proper attention, Highland Folds can lead a long, happy, and healthy life.

Exercise and activity needs

Highland Folds are moderately active cats who enjoy regular play sessions to maintain their physical and mental health. They love interactive toys, cat trees, and scratching posts, which allow them to climb, jump, and scratch, meeting their natural instincts. Although they are not as energetic as some other breeds, they benefit from daily exercise to prevent obesity and associated health issues. Play sessions with their owners are also a great opportunity to strengthen bonds and provide mental stimulation. In summary, while the Highland Fold is not hyperactive, it needs regular playtime to stay fit and happy.

Recommended diet

The Highland Fold requires a balanced and high-quality diet to maintain its health and luxurious coat. A combination of high-quality dry and wet food is recommended, rich in proteins and low in carbohydrates with high-quality ingredients. It is important to monitor their weight and feed them in controlled portions to avoid obesity. In terms of cost, feeding a Highland Fold can range between 30 and 60 euros per month, depending on the quality of the chosen food and the individual needs of the cat. It is advisable to consult a veterinarian to develop a diet tailored to the specific needs of each cat.

Training and obedience

The Highland Fold is an intelligent and curious cat, which makes training and education easier. They can learn simple tricks, such as sitting, coming when called, and using a scratching post or a specific litter box. Early socialization is essential to ensure they get along well with other animals and humans. Using positive reinforcement techniques, such as treats and praises, is very effective with this breed. Highland Folds respond well to patience and consistency in training. It is also important to provide interactive toys and puzzle games to stimulate their intelligence and avoid boredom.

Behavior with children

The Highland Fold is generally very tolerant and affectionate with children. Its gentle and calm nature makes it an excellent companion for families. It is important to teach children how to interact respectfully with the cat to avoid any unwanted or stressful behavior for the animal. Highland Folds enjoy human company and willingly participate in gentle play. Their patience and affectionate nature mean they can become true friends to children, sharing moments of tenderness and play. However, supervision is recommended to ensure safe and enjoyable interactions for both parties.

Compatibility with Other Animals

The Highland Fold generally gets along well with other pets, including dogs and other cats. Their sociable and gentle nature makes it easy for them to integrate into multi-pet households. It is important to proceed with a gradual and supervised introduction to avoid stress and allow the animals to get used to each other. By providing personal space for each animal and monitoring their interactions, cohabitation can proceed smoothly. Highland Folds enjoy companionship and may even develop close bonds with other animals, contributing to a peaceful and joyful home environment.

Grooming needs

The Highland Fold requires regular grooming to maintain the beauty and health of its luxuriant coat. It is recommended to brush their fur at least two to three times a week to prevent knots and mats. During shedding periods, more frequent brushing may be necessary. In addition to brushing, it is important to regularly check and clean their ears, especially due to their folded ears which can promote the buildup of wax and infections. Nails should also be trimmed regularly, and routine veterinary visits are essential to monitor their overall health. With proper care, the Highland Fold will remain healthy and beautiful.


The Highland Fold may be prone to certain specific health conditions, such as osteochondrodysplasia, a disease that affects the development of bones and joints due to the genetic mutation responsible for their folded ears. This condition can lead to joint pain and mobility issues. It is therefore crucial to monitor their joint health and regularly consult a veterinarian. Apart from that, the Highland Fold may also be prone to common cat problems, such as dental diseases, ear infections, and urinary issues. Balanced nutrition, regular care, and routine veterinary exams are essential to maintaining their health and well-being.

Average price

The price of a Highland Fold can vary considerably depending on various factors such as lineage, pedigree, breeder reputation, and region. On average, the price of a Highland Fold kitten ranges from 800 to 1500 euros. Kittens from champion lines can be even more expensive. It is important to ensure that the breeder is reputable and adheres to ethical breeding standards. The initial cost may also include first vaccinations, spaying/neutering, and health exams. Investing in a high-quality Highland Fold not only ensures a healthy companion, but also the support of a responsible breeder.


In addition to the initial purchase cost, Highland Fold owners must budget for monthly expenses for the care and maintenance of their cat. Monthly costs can vary between 50 and 100 euros, including food, litter, toys, and routine veterinary care. Annual vet visits, vaccinations, and parasite treatments also add to the expenses. Specific care such as professional grooming may also be necessary, especially for long-haired cats. It is important to budget adequately to cover all the needs of your Highland Fold and ensure a healthy and happy life for your companion.

Name ideas

Choosing a name for your Highland Fold can be a fun and creative moment. Here are some suggestions to inspire you: Luna, Milo, Bella, Oliver, Simba, Nala, Leo, Daisy, Felix, Cleo, Oscar, Mimi, Jasper, Lily, Charlie, Zoe, Max, Willow, Loki, Sophie. These names can reflect the charming personality and unique appearance of your cat. You can also draw inspiration from their physical traits, behavior, or particular characteristics to choose a name that suits them perfectly. Whatever your inspiration, the name you choose will become an important part of your relationship with your feline companion.

Legislation and regulation

The Highland Fold is not subject to specific regulations in France or in most other countries. However, it is essential to comply with local laws regarding pet ownership, including vaccination, sterilization, and registration requirements. Breeders must adhere to ethical and legal standards to ensure the welfare of cats. Owners must also ensure that their animals receive proper care and are not subjected to inhumane living conditions. In France, owning a cat does not require a special permit, but compliance with veterinary regulations is mandatory.

Official recognition

The Highland Fold is recognized by several international cat breed registry organizations. In the United States, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA) and the International Cat Association (TICA) recognize this breed. In Europe, the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe) and the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in the UK also include the Highland Fold in their registries. In France, the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) recognizes this breed and maintains standardization norms for breeders. These organizations ensure that breeders adhere to breed standards and promote animal welfare.


For owners interested in acquiring a Highland Fold with pedigree, several breed clubs and organizations offer recognized pedigrees. In France, the Livre Officiel des Origines Félines (LOOF) is the main organization issuing pedigrees for this breed. Internationally, the Cat Fanciers' Association (CFA), the International Cat Association (TICA), the Fédération Internationale Féline (FIFe), and the Governing Council of the Cat Fancy (GCCF) in the UK are organizations that provide pedigrees and maintain registers of purebred Highland Folds. These clubs and organizations guarantee the purity of the lineage and compliance with breed standards, ensuring owners a quality cat.

Destination and usage

The Highland Fold is mainly raised as a companion cat because of its gentle and affectionate temperament. Its sociable nature and compatibility with children and other animals make it an excellent choice for families and individuals looking for a loyal companion. In addition, their unique and elegant appearance makes Highland Folds popular candidates for cat shows. Some owners participate in beauty and conformity competitions where these cats can demonstrate their charm and breed standard. Outside of shows, Highland Folds bring joy and companionship to their homes, enriching the lives of their owners with their loving presence.


There are no specific restrictions on owning Highland Folds in most countries. However, it is crucial to comply with local laws regarding pet ownership, such as vaccination and sterilization requirements. Breeders must follow ethical practices to prevent overbreeding and health issues related to inbreeding. Owners should ensure their cats live in conditions that respect their well-being and health. Neglect or abuse can result in legal action. By following these guidelines, owners can fully enjoy the companionship of their Highland Fold.

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