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Finnish lapphund

Welcome to our page dedicated to the breed of dog finnish lapphund!

Here, you will find all the useful information about finnish lapphund. This descriptive profile will allow you to discover the aspects of this breed. You can notably consult information about the average price, monthly and annual upkeep expenses, their health, name ideas, as well as their official recognition by competent authorities.

Explore this page to discover everything you need to know.

Overall description of the breed

The Finnish Lapphund has been used for centuries by the Lappish people to herd and guard reindeer. Its morphological type was not well established before the 20th century, so its first standard was set in 1945 by the Finnish Kennel Club. After the war, a great deal of selection work was carried out by serious breeders, in order to develop rigorous programmes with the aim of creating a versatile working dog, particularly resistant to extreme weather conditions.

From the 1970's onwards, he changed names several times, but in 1993 the Finnish club decided to give him the name of Finnish Lapphund. Very popular in Northern Europe, especially in Finland, they are noted for their obedience and loyalty. His sociable and hard-working spirit made him a true national symbol of canine loyalty. In the meantime, the breed was finally registered by the international cynological federation on 22 August 1955 and its current standard was updated on 30 September 2016.

The Suomenlapinkoira, as it was originally called, is a medium-sized, rather high-legged dog with straight legs. They are light and agile in appearance, yet have a robust build and natural flexibility. Tough and remarkably resilient, his physical abilities are exceptional. His body is rectangular in shape, as his length slightly exceeds his height at the withers.

Its harmonious structure balances its silhouette, it has a wide chest, well sprung ribs as well as a short, straight and muscular back line. The head is round, broad, slightly convex, with a discreetly rounded forehead, the muzzle is of moderate length, with a clearly marked stop. Its triangular ears are of medium size, carried erect or semi-erect, they are set fairly far apart, always very mobile. The tail is set rather high, of medium length, the tip of the tail may have a J-shaped hook. The hair of the Lapphund is long, hard, particularly abundant in males, most of them sporting an opulent mane. The undercoat is well furnished, close and soft in texture. All colours are permitted by the breed standard.

The Lapphund is sociable, active and cheerful by nature, close to its social group as well as to other animals, with whom it can cohabit without any problem. Like most Spitz-type dogs, he will always attach himself to a particular person and be loyal to him until the end. He is an intelligent, docile dog who will enjoy playing or sporting with his family or other dogs. The Lapinkoira will need to spend time every day to feel completely fulfilled, truly inexhaustible, it is an animal that will always prefer wide open spaces and the open air, moreover, it will show little comfort in an urban environment.

The predatory instinct may appear in some specimens, but this trait can be quickly erased with a strict and positive education. The Finnish Hound is a pleasant family dog, which will prove to be a good guardian if it senses that a situation is abnormal, its natural mistrust of strangers reinforcing its protective side. Like all primitive dogs, he retains an independent and observant temperament, but his love for his loved ones will drive him to join them as soon as he gets the chance, to show them that even from afar he is watching over them!

Adult: The Suomenlapinkoira will weigh approximately 44lb and will stand 18"- 20.5" for males and 15.8"- 18.1" for females at the withers.

Origins

The Finnish Lapphund, also known as "Lapinkoira" or "Finnish Lapphund", is an ancient breed originating from the Lapland region, located in the north of Finland, Sweden, and Norway. These dogs were originally bred by the Sami, an indigenous people, to guard reindeer herds. The harsh climate of this arctic region has shaped a resilient dog, capable of withstanding extreme temperatures and challenging living conditions. Their adaptation to this hostile environment is remarkable, and they possess great endurance as well as excellent ability to work closely with humans. This breed has managed to retain its primitive traits while developing characteristics that make it an excellent companion dog today.

History

The history of the Finnish Lapphund dates back several centuries, even millennia. Traditionally used by the Sami to guard and herd reindeer, this dog played a crucial role in the daily life of this people. Over the centuries, it has been selected for its robustness, intelligence, and ability to work in extreme weather conditions. With the evolution of societies and the decrease in reindeer breeding, the Lapinkoira has seen its role evolve. In the 1940s, efforts were made to standardize the breed and officially recognize it. Today, although its role as a herding dog has diminished, it is highly appreciated as a companion and working dog for its loyalty and friendly nature.

Standard

The Finnish Lapphund breed standard highlights its qualities as a rugged and versatile working dog. This medium-sized, well-proportioned dog must have a vigorous and agile appearance. Its head is of medium size with a slightly domed skull and a pronounced stop. The ears are medium in size, erect or semi-erect. The eyes, oval in shape, are dark in color, expressing intelligence and liveliness. The tail is generally carried curled over the back, especially when in motion. The standard also emphasizes the quality of the coat, which must be double and dense to protect it from the weather. The dog's movements should be smooth and covering, reflecting its natural agility and endurance.

Physical characteristics

The Finnish Lapphund measures about 46-52 cm for males and 41-47 cm for females. Their weight ranges from 15 to 24 kg. The coat is double, with a dense undercoat and a longer, straight and coarse outer layer, providing excellent protection against the cold. The coat can come in various colors, including black, brown, sand, cream, often with lighter markings on the head, neck, chest, legs, and tail. Their overall appearance is that of a sturdy and well-proportioned dog, with a gentle and alert expression.

Character

The Finnish Lapphund is known for its gentle, friendly and sociable nature. Loyal and devoted to its family, it is also very intelligent and easy to train. This dog enjoys human company and can sometimes be reserved with strangers, but without being aggressive. Endowed with great patience and a balanced temperament, it is particularly appreciated for its ability to get along well with children and other animals. Its herding instinct makes it vigilant and protective, but never aggressive without reason. In short, it is an ideal companion for active and loving families.

Life expectancy

The Finnish Lapphund has a relatively long life expectancy for a dog of its size, ranging between 12 and 15 years. This longevity is attributed to its natural robustness and good physical constitution. Like all breeds, its life expectancy can be optimized by a healthy diet, regular exercise, frequent veterinary visits, and special attention to the specific needs of the breed. By maintaining a balanced lifestyle and preventing common health problems, the Lapinkoira can live a long and happy life alongside its family.

Exercise and activity needs

The Finnish Lapphund is an active dog that requires a good amount of daily exercise to stay fit and happy. As a former herding dog, it has great endurance and enjoys physical activities such as long walks, ball games, and even dog sports like agility or canicross. A minimum of one hour of intense exercise per day is recommended to meet its needs. In addition, it appreciates mental challenges, so incorporating intelligence games and training sessions into its routine can be beneficial. Living in an environment where it can explore and run freely is ideal for this breed.

Recommended diet

To maintain optimal health for the Finnish Lapphund, a balanced and high-quality diet is essential. It is recommended to feed them premium kibble or a homemade diet, under the supervision of a veterinarian. Nutritional needs can vary depending on the dog's age, weight, physical activity, and overall health. On average, the monthly cost of feeding a Finnish Lapphund ranges from 40 to 70 euros. It is crucial to ensure that their diet contains the necessary nutrients to support their energy needs and maintain a healthy coat.

Training and obedience

The education of the Finnish Lapphund is relatively easy thanks to its intelligence and willingness to please. However, it requires a gentle and consistent approach. Positive reinforcement, with rewards in the form of treats, play or cuddles, works particularly well with this breed. It is important to start training from a young age to establish a solid foundation and encourage good behavior. Socialization sessions are crucial to help them get along well with humans and other animals. Due to their herding instinct, they can sometimes be stubborn, hence the importance of patient and consistent training.

Behavior with children

The Finnish Lapphund is typically excellent with children. Its gentle, patient, and protective temperament makes it an ideal companion for families. It is affectionate and loves to play, which makes it very popular with younger children. However, as with all breeds, it is important to supervise interactions between dogs and children to ensure everyone's safety. Teaching children to respect the dog and understand its body language will contribute to a harmonious relationship. In short, the Lapinkoira is an excellent family dog, bringing joy and security to its home.

Compatibility with Other Animals

The Finnish Lapphund is generally sociable and gets along well with other pets, especially dogs and cats, especially if properly socialized from a young age. Its herding instinct can sometimes show, but it is not naturally aggressive. With gradual introductions and supervised interactions, it can live harmoniously with other animals. However, it is advisable to monitor the initial interactions to ensure that everything goes well and that each animal finds its place in the household hierarchy.

Grooming needs

The dense and double coat of the Finnish Lapphund dog requires regular maintenance to stay in good condition. Weekly brushing is generally sufficient to prevent tangles and remove dead hair. However, during shedding seasons, in spring and autumn, more frequent, even daily, brushing may be necessary. Baths should only be given when necessary to avoid stripping the natural oils from the coat. It is also important to regularly check and clean the ears, trim the nails, and maintain good dental hygiene.

Health

The Finnish Lapphund is generally a robust and healthy breed, but like all breeds, it can be prone to certain hereditary conditions. Among the most common health problems are hip dysplasia, eye issues such as progressive retinal atrophy (PRA), and certain autoimmune diseases. Regular vet check-ups, as well as genetic screening tests for breeding dogs, are recommended to prevent and manage these conditions. A balanced diet, adequate exercise, and proper care will also help maintain the dog's health throughout its life.

Average price

The average price of a Finnish Lapphund puppy varies depending on several factors, such as the breeder's reputation, the puppy's lineage, and the health tests conducted. Generally, you can expect to pay between 800 and 1500 euros for a puppy of this breed. Puppies from champion bloodlines or with exceptional pedigrees may cost more. It is important to choose a serious and responsible breeder who tests their breeding dogs for hereditary diseases and raises their puppies in optimal conditions. Initial costs may seem high, but they often reflect the quality and care provided.

Expenses

In addition to the initial acquisition cost, monthly expenses should be budgeted to take care of a Finnish Lapphund dog. These expenses include food, veterinary care, accessories, grooming, and activities. On average, monthly costs can range between 60 and 100 euros. This includes high-quality food, regular vet visits, vaccinations, parasite treatments, toys, and potentially training classes or sporting activities. Although these costs may vary depending on the individual needs of the dog and the choices of the owners, it is important to consider them to ensure the well-being of the animal.

Name ideas

Choosing a name for your Finnish Lapphund is a fun and meaningful task. Here are some name suggestions that reflect their Nordic origin and unique character: Aki, Sisu, Kaisa, Olli, Taika, Niko, Lumi, Vesa, Jukka, Miska, Anni, Jari, Mette, Lauri, Riina, Timo, Mika, Noora, Sanni, Heikki. These names, inspired by Finnish culture and breed characteristics, can perfectly suit your new companion, highlighting their heritage and distinctive personality. Make sure to choose a name that is easy to pronounce and that you like.

Legislation and regulation

The Finnish Lapphund is not classified among the dangerous dog breeds or categories in France. It therefore does not require a specific permit or special security measures beyond those required for all dogs. However, it is always recommended to check local regulations as they may vary by region. In general, it is important to comply with legal obligations regarding vaccination, identification with a microchip, and registration with the relevant authorities. In addition, owners must adhere to current safety and animal welfare regulations.

Official recognition

The Finnish Lapphund is officially recognized by several canine organizations around the world. In Finland, it is recognized by the Finnish Kennel Club (Suomen Kennelliito). The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) also recognizes this breed internationally. In the United States, it is recognized by the American Kennel Club (AKC) and the United Kennel Club (UKC). In the United Kingdom, it is recognized by the British Kennel Club. In Australia, it is recognized by the Australian National Kennel Council (ANKC). These recognitions ensure that the breed is maintained according to rigorous standards and allow participation in official exhibitions and competitions.

Pedigrees

To obtain a Finnish Lapphund with a recognized pedigree, it is recommended to contact breed clubs and certified breeders. In France, the French Club of Nordic Dogs and Japanese Spitz (CFCNSJ) is the reference organization. In Finland, the Suomen Lapinkoira Clubi is the main authority for this breed. In the United States, the Finnish Lapphund Club of America (FLCA) plays a similar role. In the United Kingdom, the Finnish Lapphund Club UK is responsible for promoting and preserving the breed. These clubs offer pedigrees and valuable information on the health and genetics of the dogs.

Destination and usage

Historically, the Finnish Lapphund has been used as a herding dog, mainly to guard reindeer. Today, although this function is less common, it excels in various roles thanks to its intelligence and versatility. It is used as a companion dog, therapy dog, and in some canine sports such as agility, canicross, and tracking. Its sociable nature and protective instinct also make it a good family guard dog. Due to its adaptability and balanced temperament, it can adapt to various environments and lifestyles.

Prohibitions

The Finnish Lapphund dog is not subject to any specific restrictions in most countries. However, it is essential to comply with local regulations regarding dogs, which may include restrictions on where dogs are allowed, rules of conduct in public, and vaccination and identification requirements. Always check and follow local laws to avoid any legal issues and ensure the safety and well-being of your Finnish Lapphund dog.


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