Altdeutsche schäferhund

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Here, you will find all the useful information about altdeutsche schäferhund. This descriptive profile will allow you to discover the aspects of this breed. You can notably consult information about the average price, monthly and annual upkeep expenses, their health, name ideas, as well as their official recognition by competent authorities.

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Overall description of the breed

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund, or Old-Type German Shepherd, is a dog breed that captivates with its elegance, intelligence, and devotion. This dog shares a lineage with the modern German Shepherd but stands out due to its more rustic appearance and temperament. Although not officially recognized by the International Canine Federation (FCI) as a distinct breed, this unique dog enjoys growing popularity among dog enthusiasts who appreciate its traditional style and working abilities.

The history of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund dates back to the 19th century in Germany, a time when shepherds needed robust, intelligent, and versatile dogs to assist them in their daily tasks. These dogs were primarily bred for their skills and functionality, rather than their appearance. With the evolution of breeds and the establishment of specific standards, the German Shepherd as we know it today was developed, sidelining some of the physical and behavioral characteristics of its ancestors. However, passionate breeders have continued to perpetuate the lineage of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund, highlighting its traditional heritage.

Physically, the breed is distinguished by its imposing size, with a height at the withers ranging from 60 to 65 cm for males and 55 to 60 cm for females. Its most remarkable feature is its long, dense, and shaggy fur, which can vary from black and tan to sand and even white. It has a solid bone structure, a straight back, and a bushy tail that extends down to the hock. Its head is proportional to the rest of the body, with medium-sized erect ears and an attentive and expressive gaze.

The character of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund lives up to its impressive stature. Known for its intelligence, loyalty, and versatility, it is a dog that excels in both guard duties and as a companion. Extremely attached to its family, it is protective and affectionate with its own. Its balanced temperament and patience make it an excellent choice for families with children. It is important to note that, like any working dog, it requires early socialization and firm but fair training to channel its energy and abilities.

Non-Official Recognition
The main reason for the non-recognition of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund as a distinct breed by the FCI lies in its origin as a variant of the German Shepherd. Official bodies tend to favor unique standards for each breed, and the morphological and temperamental differences between the Altdeutscher and the standard German Shepherd are not deemed sufficient to justify an official separation.

Behavior as a Family Dog
As a family dog, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund excels in adaptability and love for its own. Patient with children and vigilant without being overly aggressive, it knows how to behave in a family environment. Its need for physical and mental exercise is high, making it an ideal companion for outdoor activities and games. It is essential to provide an active living environment so it can fully express its potential and maintain its psychological and physical balance.

In conclusion, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund is a remarkable dog that combines beauty, intelligence, and loyalty. Although it is not officially recognized as a separate breed, its heritage and qualities make it a preferred choice for those seeking an extraordinary four-legged companion.


The Altdeutsche Schäferhund, or Old German Shepherd Dog, is a breed that originates from Germany. Unlike the standardized German Shepherd dog by Max von Stephanitz in the early 20th century, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund retains older and diverse characteristics of German Shepherd breeding traditionally used for guarding and herding. This dog was developed for its working abilities rather than strict aesthetic criteria, giving it remarkable robustness and versatility. Altdeutsche Schäferhund breeders focus on preserving the original qualities of the breed, including its endurance, intelligence, and ability to work in difficult conditions. This breed is not recognized by major international canine associations, but it is gaining popularity among enthusiasts of authentic working dogs.


The history of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund dates back several centuries, long before the creation of the modern German Shepherd. Originally used by German shepherds to guard and protect sheep herds, these working dogs were valued for their intelligence, loyalty, and robustness. With industrialization and modernization of agriculture, their role evolved, but the breed has maintained its fundamental characteristics. In the 1890s, Max von Stephanitz standardized the German Shepherd, but some breeders continued to favor the old type, giving rise to the Altdeutsche Schäferhund. This dog has withstood the test of time, keeping its working abilities intact. Today, breeders and enthusiasts of the breed work to preserve these traditional lines, offering an authentic alternative to the more well-known modern German Shepherd.


The Altdeutsche Schäferhund breed standard emphasizes functional characteristics rather than strict aesthetics. These dogs must have a muscular and athletic body, capable of sustaining prolonged efforts. Their bone structure is robust, and their overall structure shows a harmonious and powerful appearance. The eyes are bright and intelligent, expressing great vigilance and curiosity. The ears are of medium size, often erect, and mobile according to the dog's emotions and attention. The tail is long and well-furnished, carried low at rest and raised in action. The coat is dense, often long or medium-length, and must offer good protection against the weather. Colors vary widely, including black, fawn, brindle, and gray, among others. The priority remains to preserve the original qualities of the breed, namely endurance, intelligence, and working ability.

Physical characteristics

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is a large breed of dog, with males typically measuring between 60 and 65 cm at the withers, while females measure between 55 and 60 cm. Their weight ranges from 30 to 40 kg for males and 25 to 35 kg for females. Their coat is dense, often long or medium-length, with a thick undercoat that protects them well against the weather. The colors of their coat are varied, including black, grey, brindle, sandy, and various combinations of these shades. Their head is wide with a powerful and well-proportioned muzzle. Their eyes are medium-sized, expressive, often dark in color. The ears are straight and of medium size, contributing to their attentive expression. The tail is long, carried like a saber, adding to their noble and elegant silhouette. Their overall appearance is that of a robust, agile, and ready-to-work dog.


The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is known for its exceptionally loyal and protective character. These dogs are very intelligent, making them easy to train for various types of work, ranging from herding to roles as service or therapy dogs. Their balanced and calm nature makes them ideal companions for families, although they can be wary of strangers. They are very attached to their masters and demonstrate a great ability to learn and adapt. Altdeutsche Schäferhund are also known for their courage and determination, not hesitating to protect those they love. They require early socialization to avoid excessive aggression and to get used to different situations and people. Their loyalty and dedication make them reliable and loving partners.

Life expectancy

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund generally has a life expectancy of 12 to 14 years, although some individuals may live longer with good care. Like all breeds, longevity depends on various factors, including genetics, quality of life, and regular veterinary care. A balanced diet, adequate exercise, and regular vet visits significantly contribute to extending their lifespan. It is also essential to monitor their health and react quickly to early signs of problems. With constant attention and proper care, these dogs can live a long and active life, providing many years of loyal and affectionate companionship to their owners.

Exercise and activity needs

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund have high exercise and activity needs. As working dogs, they require at least two hours of exercise per day to stay physically and mentally healthy. This can include long walks, running, interactive games like frisbee or fetch, and mental stimulation exercises like puzzles or agility training. They also enjoy tasks with a specific purpose, such as herding or participating in canine competitions. A lack of exercise can lead to destructive behaviors due to boredom and frustration. It is crucial for owners of these dogs to provide them with a variety of stimulating activities to keep them happy and healthy. A well-exercised Altdeutsche Schäferhund is a satisfied and balanced companion.

Recommended diet

To maintain the health and vitality of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund, a balanced and high-quality diet is essential. It is recommended to offer them food rich in proteins, vitamins, and minerals to support their intense physical activity. The daily ration should be adapted according to their age, weight, and level of activity. On average, the monthly cost of food for an Altdeutsche Schäferhund can vary between 50 and 100 euros, depending on the brands of food and the specific needs of the dog. Some owners also choose to include dietary supplements to support joint and coat health. It is advisable to consult a veterinarian to determine the most appropriate diet for each individual, taking into account their characteristics and specific needs.

Training and obedience

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is an intelligent and receptive dog, which makes its education and training easier. However, it is essential to start its education from a young age to establish solid foundations. Early socialization is crucial to teach it to interact positively with different people and situations. Using positive reinforcement methods, such as rewards and praise, is particularly effective with this breed. It is also important to be consistent and patient, as these dogs can sometimes test their owners' limits. Training sessions should be varied and stimulating to maintain their interest and avoid boredom. With proper training, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund can excel in various disciplines, including obedience, agility, and even search and rescue work.

Behavior with children

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is generally very gentle and protective with children, making it an excellent companion for families.

Compatibility with Other Animals

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund can harmoniously coexist with other pets if properly socialized from a young age. These dogs have a strong protective instinct, which can make them cautious or even wary of new animals. However, with gradual and controlled introductions, they can learn to accept and even enjoy the company of other dogs, cats, or other pets. It is important to monitor the initial interactions and promote a calm and positive environment. The herding instinct of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund may sometimes manifest, but with proper training, it can peacefully coexist with a variety of animals, showing tolerance and sociability.

Grooming needs

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund has a dense coat that requires regular maintenance to stay healthy. Frequent brushing, at least two to three times a week, is essential to prevent knots and remove dead hair. During shedding periods, which usually occur twice a year, daily brushing may be necessary to manage excess hair. It is also important to regularly check and clean the ears to avoid infections, as well as to trim the nails every few weeks to keep them at an appropriate length. Baths can be given occasionally, but not too frequently to avoid stripping the natural oils from the coat. By maintaining a regular grooming routine, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund will remain clean, comfortable and healthy.


The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is generally a robust breed, but like all dogs, it can be prone to certain health issues. Common diseases include hip and elbow dysplasia, eye problems such as cataracts, and skin conditions. It is crucial to select responsible breeders who conduct health tests on their breeding dogs to minimize the risks of these hereditary conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups, up-to-date vaccinations, and parasite treatment are essential for disease prevention. A balanced diet and regular physical activity also contribute to the good health of the Altdeutsche Schäferhund. By taking care of their health, these dogs can live a long and active life, with an average lifespan of 12 to 14 years.

Average price

The average price of an Altdeutsche Schäferhund can vary significantly depending on various factors, including the breeder's reputation, the dog's pedigree, and the geographical region. Generally, the cost of an Altdeutsche Schäferhund puppy ranges from 800 to 1500 euros. It is essential to be wary of low-priced offers, as they may come from unscrupulous breeders who do not adhere to health and welfare standards. Investing in a puppy from a reputable breeder, who conducts health tests on the parents and provides a healthy environment for the puppies, is crucial to ensure a healthy and well-balanced companion. Prospective owners should also consider additional costs, such as vet fees, food, and accessories, to ensure their dog's well-being.


Monthly expenses for an Altdeutsche Schäferhund can vary depending on several factors, including the quality of food, veterinary care, accessories, and activities. On average, owners can expect to spend between 100 and 200 euros per month to cover these needs. Food represents a significant part of this budget, with costs ranging between 50 and 100 euros monthly depending on the quality of food chosen. Veterinary care, including routine visits, vaccines, and parasite treatments, can add around 20 to 50 euros per month. Accessories such as toys, leashes, and beds, as well as activities like obedience or agility classes, should also be taken into account in the overall budget.

Name ideas

Choosing a name for your Altdeutsche Schäferhund can be a fun and meaningful task. Here are some suggestions to inspire you: Max, Bella, Rex, Luna, Zeus, Rocky, Daisy, Bruno, Mia, Thor, Shadow, Nala, Duke, Ruby, Ace, Sasha, Odin, Leo, Greta, Axel, Stella, Finn, Zara, Titan, Heidi, Hugo, Willow, Kira, Diesel, Arya. When choosing a name, consider selecting something that is easy to pronounce and does not sound like other commands you might use during training. A suitable name can strengthen the bond between you and your dog and make communication easier in everyday life.

Legislation and regulation

In France, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund is not classified among the breeds of dogs categorized as dangerous, which means that it is not subject to any specific regulations beyond those applicable to all dogs. However, it is important for owners to comply with local laws on dog ownership, including vaccination, microchipping, and leash requirements in public places. In some countries, specific rules may apply, so it is recommended to check local regulations before acquiring an Altdeutsche Schäferhund. Respecting these regulations is essential to ensure the safety and well-being of your dog as well as other people and animals around you.

Official recognition

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is not recognized by the main international cynological organizations such as the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) or the American Kennel Club (AKC). However, it is recognized by some national associations and specific breed clubs. In Germany, it is often recognized by local clubs dedicated to the preservation of ancient types of German Shepherds. In France, the Altdeutsche Schäferhund is often associated with specialized associations that promote the old lines of German Shepherds. These clubs and associations work to maintain the breed standards and organize events and competitions for the owners and breeders of these unique dogs.


Pedigrees for the Altdeutsche Schäferhund are usually issued by specialized breed clubs and national associations focusing on preserving old types of German Shepherds. Clubs like the Club Français des Bergers Allemands Anciens Types (CFBAAT) in France provide pedigrees and organize events to promote the breed. In Germany, local and regional clubs dedicated to Altdeutsche Schäferhunde also issue pedigrees. These documents certify the ancestry and purity of the breed, ensuring that dogs meet specific standards set by the clubs. Pedigrees are essential for breeders and serious owners as they guarantee the quality and continuity of bloodlines.

Destination and usage

The Altdeutsche Schäferhund is a versatile dog that excels in many roles thanks to its intelligence, robustness, and loyalty. Traditionally used for guarding and herding, it is still valued today for its skills working with farm animals. In addition to agricultural tasks, it is also used in service roles such as search and rescue, therapy work, and supporting disabled individuals. Its protective nature and quick learning ability also make it ideal for guard and personal protection roles. Owners of this breed also appreciate its companionship as a family dog, where it excels thanks to its balanced and affectionate character.


Currently, there are no specific bans regarding the ownership of an Altdeutsche Schäferhund in France. This breed is not classified as a "dangerous" dog and is therefore not subject to any particular restrictions. However, as with any dog, owners must comply with local regulations regarding pet ownership, including laws on vaccinations, microchipping, and the use of a leash in public places. It is essential to check the specific local regulations, especially if you are traveling or moving to another country, as some jurisdictions may have different laws regarding large or shepherd-type dogs.

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